Natural stone floor tile

Natural stone floor tile

The thing that definitely would grape your attention when you first enter a house is its flooring. And when it comes to flooring there is no other elegant and luxurious material than natural stone. 


be it Granite or Travertine, no matter it is in small or big size, natural stones are indicative of the-state-of-the-art of nature. natural stone flooring has been used for thousands of years ago and Its popularity ceaselessly has been increased as more and more people found out that it fits any decor from traditional to modern. Perfect for residential use, both indoors and outdoors, when selecting natural stone tiles for your home it is important to note that there are different types of stone tiles and each needs to be treated according to its properties. being aware of each natural stone properties can simply help you to decide whether it is appropriate for the intended area or not. Here you can find a summary of each stone properties for flooring.


1-      Marble:

One of the most prestigious natural stone, marble flooring has been used for centuries. It has the universal reputation for its soft grain pattern and colors ranging from white to red, green to black. Polished marble is slippery and it’s not recommended for the moist area such as the kitchen and bathroom. However, the honed one can be the better attentive.

In spite of the beauty of marble, it’s not proper for flooring as it can be prone to scratch and stain easily.

2-      Travertine:

It is a kind of sedimentary stone that comes in different colors from cream to dark. Beyond any doubt, the antique look and elegance texture together with its rustic edge has made this stone to one of the most popular stones for flooring.

3-      Granite:

forming under extreme pressure, granite is one of the hardest natural stone used for high traffic area such as flooring. It differs in color and pattern and the popular one is its black granite.

4-      Limestone:

Similar to travertine it is one of the sedimentary stone. it has been used for thousands of years ago. the peerless pattern provides your house with timeless beauty. If you are looking for a timeless look, you’d better choose limestone for being so elegant. Plus, it is among hard stone that can last a lifetime.

 

Having decided on your stone, you need to be aware of some other practical points to consider before choosing your own stone. these  

Absorption rate refers to how porous the natural stones are. The more absorbent they are, the more susceptible they would be to stain and crack. The absorption rate will be divided into, Non-vitreous(high absorption rate), Semi-vitreous (less absorption rate), Vitreous(standard absorption) and Impervious (resistant to absorption). So different stone has different absorption level. In general, sandstone is the most porous natural stone material. Travertine, limestone, and slate have medium absorbency, while granite is relatively waterproof. Sealers are used to

Oxidation is one of the most important factors in natural stones lifetime. Owing to being formed beneath the earth for over millions of years’ ego, natural stones contain a wide range of different elements characterizing by the advent of different colors and the problem is that some of these elements can oxidize in an outdoor area. This can degenerate natural stone tile over time.

 The coefficient of friction is another important factor to consider for choosing natural stone flooring especially in moist and high traffic area i.e. bathroom and kitchen.

The grade is known as a quality parameter which refers to the shape, size, and thickness of the tile. It usually divided into 3 grade i.e. high quality (grade 1), minor defect for the irregular area (grade 2) and less quality (grade 3) which is appropriate only as accent pieces. If you wishing to choose an extremely resistance natural stone against scratching, you’d better go for grade 3 which is If you are looking for a high resistance natural stone for an area with high traffic, you'd better go for grade

Using natural stone for indoor and outdoor

Some natural stone flooring materials are more suitable for outdoor applications than others. Many of the factors above will determine whether a material should be used in an open air environment.

Non-vitreous materials will be subject to staining through dirt and acid rain, as well as cracking when absorbed materials freeze and expand. Stones which have a low coefficient of friction will also pose a slipping hazard during rain and snowstorms. 

But what are the advantages and disadvantages of using natural stone flooring, here you can find some of them?

Pros:

There are many aesthetic and practical reasons why natural stone flooring can be a good choice: 

  • Each piece of stone is a unique creation of the earth, making every flooring application one of a kind. Every floor is entirely unique.
  • The mountain-born qualities of the stone can help to give living spaces a direct and eternal connection to the natural world, unlike any other building material. 
  • While there is some debate about the ecological impact of quarrying and transporting stone materials, the tiles themselves are natural, nonpolluting, eco-friendly pieces. Purchasing stones which were acquired locally can cut down on the environmental impact of transport.

Cones:

There are also some drawbacks to the use of natural stone: 

  • With the exception of granite and some slates, natural stone is quite porous and needs to be treated with a sealing agent periodically to protect its surfaces.
  • Some polished materials such as marble can scratch easily.
  • Some stones are also very brittle and will chip easily.

When purchasing natural stone flooring materials it is important to do your research and understand the characteristics of the material you are purchasing. Find out whether it is appropriate for your specific application and how much maintenance it will require. Ask your retailer multiple questions, and get to know the material as much as you can before you make a purchase.